14th April the International Dr. B.R.Ambedkar Day of Euality
( Remembering Dr. Ambedkar On his 129th Birth Anniversary falling on 14th April 2020)
BY:- Er H.R.Phonsa,Jammu
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14th April is being celebrated internationally to mark the birthday of Dr. Baba sahib Ambedkar, an Indian jurist, politician, philosopher, anthropologist, socialist scientist, historian and economist. Dr Ambedkar was born on 14 April 1891 at Mhow a cantonment in the Indore district in Madhya Pradesh state of India, now Ambedkar Nagar since 2003. Ambedkar alias Bhiva was 14th child of his parents Revered Ramji Sakhpal , a Subedar –Major in East India Company Army and self respecting, religious minded Mata Bhimabai. Bhimabai passed away when Bhimva allies Bhim was six years old leaving her six siblings under care of her husband’s sister Mirabai, who was herself handicapped. Against all odds and worst hit by caste supported untouchability he passed his Matriculation in 1907, a first in the history of Untouchable Mahar caste. Nearly same time Bhim was married to Ramabai. With the financial assistance from Baroda Naresh , Maharaja Siya Ji Giawad III, an untouchable student who received his early education from outside his class room, went thirsty days long, whose teacher gave him his name, due to his sincere urge backed by his continuous hard labour, to get high qualification crowned himself with world’s highest academic Degrees of B.A; MA; M Sc; Ph.D; L.L.D; D Sc; D.Litt; Barrister-at-Law. Although many a times he had to satisfy his hunger by a single loaf of bread but labored to learnt ten languages including Sanskrit with proficiency in speaking seven . The efforts of Doctor Ambedkar to strive for high qualifications also show his resolve to attain Equality showing low caste is no barrier to achieve heights even higher than high caste people.
During whole life his mind and soul kept searching and struggling for Equality and projecting necessity for Equality despite facing himself inequality, more so from his own countrymen orthodox Hindu religious fundamentalists . His fight in all world forums where even he went and spoke, he was demanding Equality to masses without distinction of caste, creed, colour, sex, place of birth, economic or family status. His speeches judged as the best of all speeches delivered in three Round Table Conferences held between Novmber,1930 to December 1932 in London attended including world mighty British crowned King His Majesty George V with Prime Ministers Ramsay MacDonald his Cabinet colleagues ,British Parliamentary delegation consisting of 16 from all 8 parties. In the First RTC conferences were present Indian politicians (58) and, delegates of Princely States (16). This was strength of Ist RTC, with some changes for II & III TRCs. In his speeches Dr. Ambedkar challenged working with fixed priorities towards Indian, particularly neglected, poor, ill dressed, illiterate, starving masses caught in religious prejudices . He was addressing to all powerful British Government, uncrowned kings of Indian political leadership besides Indian Kings , with earnest requests to make changes in their planning , thinking and projected priorities to reduce prevailing all round inequalities in Indian administration. Dr. Ambedkar British government to quit India immediately as it had failed to provide Equality to her Indian subjects.
His only concern to meet and make representations before committees and commissions like Southborough Commission on 27 January 1919, SIMON COMMISSION on October 23, 1928 and many more in India and abroad were to exress for amicable solution for removal of prevailing man made inequalities and ill treatment to his down trodden people called Untouchable. The Untouchables Shudras( Presently called SCs, STs ) had in 1901, a population of 5,32,96,636 (18.93%) against total Indian population of 28,08,75,176 .This excluded touchable Shudras ( Present day OBC’s) population. His main aim in organizing, Mahad water tank protest march, agitation to enter Kala Ram Temple or his resistance to his poise wife Ramabai to take her to –Vithoba diety temple were to put fight against religious forced inequalities and denial of Human Rights to his people. His burning of the controversial Hindu Law Book “ Manusmiriti” was not for any personal gains but to burn publically the prevailing Hindu religious ego and caste hate towards their religious brethren the Untouchables.
His work as Labour member ( 1942-46) of Viceroy’s Executive Council shows his earnest desire to have equality in working hours and wages for male and female workers. His concern as labour member expressed in Labour Conferences and later issuing appropriate orders getting paid holidays, banning night shifts for female workers, right to strike to works on genuine grounds , rules for dispute resolution between employees and employers establishing PSCs, granting Gratuity etc,establishing Employment exchanges and many more
His signing the Poona Pact in 1932 with Mahatama Gandhi to save Gandhi’s life was to give a trial to forge Equality between Caste Hindus and Untouchables. But alas after signing pact all orthodox Hindu signatories including M.M. Malvia ,now Bharat Ratna , drank and sprinkled Ganga water on them to clean caste pollution they got while signing pack with Baba Sahib and other untouchables leaders.
A boy debarred Sanskrit subject in school syllabus holding low caste tag due to his qualities of head and heart, was made the Chairman of Indian Constitution Drafting Committee, gave equality to all Indian in all life spheres as the main theme. The practice of untouchability which hunted whole life was made a punishable act in india.
His attempt to get passed Hindu Code Bill in Parliament was to give legal teeth for granting equality in all spheres of life for Indian women suffering Orthodox male’s atrocities .He drafted the Indian Constitution Preamble, declaring India to be a sovereign, socialist, secular and democratic republic. The objectives stated in the Preamble are to secure justice, liberty, Equality to all citizens and to promote Fraternity assuring the individual Dignity to maintain unity and integrity of the nation.
When all efforts by Doctor failed to get reforms on scientific base his Hindu Religion he decided to leave it in 1935. He studies all world religions and found all of them wanting to provide Equality. After deep religions study he embraced Buddhism which stood for Equality among all human. He embraces Buddhism along with his over one Million followers bringing it back to its land of birth after 2500 years.
On his unfortunate death on 6th December 1956 and his cremation the next date in Bombay ( Now Mumbai) another half a Million his followers embraced Buddhism. His getting Bharat Ratna, the highest Civilian Award (posthumously) in 1990 gave recognition to his fight for rights of deprived humanity and his lifelong efforts to fight out inequalities peacefully.
When GOI under PM Narinder Modi decided in May, 2015 to celebrate125th Birth Day of Baba Sahib falling in 2016 on Government level. Shri Romesh Chandra IFS Ambassador submitted to GOI through External Minister a proposal to write a demarche to UNES to Celebrate 14th April the Birthday Of Dr. Ambedkar as “ International Day of Equality”. This proposal was acknowledged by UNES Division of MOEA. Shri Romesh Chandra IFS Ambassador solicited support from Various stake holding individuals, forums, Association based in India and abroad who extended their full support to his proposal The Forum of SCs, MLA.s MP’s also wrote in November 2015 similar letter to Sh. Narinder Modi Indian Prime Minister to officially approach the UN to declare 14th April as “ International Dr.B. R. Ambedkar Day of Equality”. In pursuance of all these efforts 125th Birth day of Baba Sahib on 14th April, 2016 was celebrated by UN at New York where the proposal of “ International Day of Equality” was also registered with UN and International Community. Shri Romesh Chandra IFS Ambassador in association with some media houses (Ambedkar Times, Desh Doaba ( both California USA based) and Bhim Patrika ( Jalander,Punjab) continued their constant and concerted efforts to get the mooted proposal accepted by International Community. Their efforts bore fruit when on 6th April, 2020 the city Of Burnaby ( Canada) MAYOR MR. MIKE HURLEY took lead and proclaimed 14th April to be celebrated as “ Dr. B. R. Ambedkar Day of Equality.”
Our regards to Bharat Ratna Baba Sahib Dr, B.R Ambedkar on his 129th Birth Anniversary, whose unblemished personnel character coupled with his unparallel qualification based life long working efforts for gaining human “Equality” . Also for his lifelong pursuit to his Cherished goal of “Equality” raising India’s head high in International Community. Our regards also to all those who continually chased their proposal with International Community to celebrate 14th April as“ Dr. B. R. Ambedkar Day of Equality.”
Dated 11-04-2020 BY:- Er H.R.Phonsa,Jammu
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