Thursday, March 21, 2019

Personalities who influenced Dr.B.R. Ambedkar the most



Personalities who influenced Dr.B.R. Ambedkar the most
( Paying Revered Tributes on 128thBirthday of Dr.Ambedkar falling on 14th April,2019 )
                                                        By:-Er.H.R.Phonsa
The life storey of Bharat Ratana Baba Saheb  Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar   is a saga of great struggles and achievements. Dr Ambedkar used to compare himself with Moses, who ( Moses) wanted to relieve the Israeli’s from forced labour and their unending servitude so led his peoples to Palestine. Dr Ambedkar led his peoples to break the yoke of religious, political social and economic barriers imposed by Hindu un-natural laws framed against his peoples called Shudhars,  Ati Shudras untouchables, Namashudras etc. Dr Ambedkar catalogued, expanded and interpreted the code of laws of his country. He was opposed to Mahatma Gandhi in many ways, still keeping in view the   Dr. Ambedkar’s contributions for the Indian Nation, Mahatma Gandhi described him as a man who has carved out  in society a unique position for himself and he is not a man to allow himself  to be forgotten. Perhaps he was born to cut the age old caste shackles of his peoples, which had reduced their life to even below of those of animals.
 Life Sketch :-
Bharat  Ratana Baba Saheb  Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar  was born on 14 th April 1891 at Mhow to  revered  Subedar Major Ramji Sakhpal and Mata Bhimabai in  Mahar Community. It is said that Mahars were the rulers of Marashtra (Mahar + Rashtra ) but because of  Hindu agony  and caste based  values, they were reduced to the level of Untouchables, Sudras, Ati sudra, whose only shadow was considered enough to pollute an upper caste Hindu. He personally faced worst type of caste hate Ambedkar worked over 18 hours a day and at times sky was his roof and the earth his floor,. Bhimrao was married to Ramabai at the tender age of 17 years when his spouse was only of 9 years.  Mata Ramabai stood like a rock by her Sahib  till her death on May 27,  1935. Due to handwork of duo father and son  Bhimrao earned world’s Highest academic  Degrees of D.sc ( London ); PhD and LL.D  (Columbia ); M.A ; D. Lit ( Osmania )  Bar –at- Law (London ) . Dr Ambedkar knew ten languages Marathi (mother tongue), Hindi, English, Gujarati, Pali, Sanskrit, Bengali, Persian, French and German. He could speak fluently seven languages. According to his autobiography ‘Waiting for a Visa'. Ambedkar wrote  that he wrote Pali  to English Dictionary( Quora).  Dr Ambedkar also served  on highly prestigious positions  as Labour member of Viceroy’s Executive Council (1942-46 ) ; First Law Minister Of Independent India and earned the distinction of selection as Chairman Of the Constitution Drafting  Committee to draft Constitution for free India and is so called “ father Of Indian constitution.” Some called him Mother of Indian Constitution as well. He proved an emancipator for Dalits, a torch bearer for the liberation of slaves’ world over and an insurmountable rock for his opponents. He contributed for the freedom of India, but more for the Dalits, who were slaves to the slaves of British India.  He was highly praised by those who understood his odious cause for the liberation of his Dalit community persons, but also abused as traitor by those who never appreciated his mission of life and wanted to maintain status-quo in social, political, educational, economic and religious spheres even after independence. He was for change and offer said” Consistency is a virtue of an ass”
       It is difficult to count the persons who influenced the life of a life long student. Baba Sahib owned one of world’s biggest personnel libraries having nearly 50,000 books. As Baba Sahib was an author of large number of Books, essays and had  attended many world class Universities, researched in many museums, Libraries, remained in association of  many learned teachers ,politicians, religious leaders so it is difficult to count or have details of all those personalities who influenced the his life. A visit to him was a visit to to a walking museum so said one of his biographer.  It was therefore difficult to know about all those  great personalities who influenced his life .An attempt here has been made to find out some personalities who  directly or indirectly  who influenced shaping of life of  Bharat Ratna Baba Sahib Dr. B. R. Ambedkar’s life and personality.
         Some of the Personalities who influenced Dr. Ambedkar’s life the most:-
A)      Subedar Major Ramji Sakhpal (1849-1916AD): - Honesty, Hard working, dedication, urge to get higher education ,  honesty and boldness in his conduct and to work for elevation of his fellow untouchables was learned by Ambedkar from his father subedar Major Ramji Sakhpal.
B)       Guru Ravidas( 1398-1540 AD):- Dr. Ambedkar held in high esteems Shri Guru Ravidas Ji. Perhaps the rationale of equality, brotherhood, Republic democracy, socialist, individual dignity is borrowed from the philosophy of Shri Guru Ravidas.
C)          Kabir (1440-1518 AD) :- Dr. Ambedkar’s family belonged to the devotional path shown by  Sadguru Kabir ji a great  Dalit Saint  Devotional songs of Kabir Ji were daily sung with love by the family, which effected the tender mind set of child Bhimrao. Kabir Ji’s verses including “Jat Pat Pushey Na koye, Har Ko Bhaje so Har Ka hoi” i.e Caste does not decide your fate, but your devotion to Lord is supreme. Kabir Ji was taken as Ambedkar’s Second Guru, first being Budha.
D)      Budha( 563-480  BCA):- The Budha philosophy influnced Ambedkar the most. He like Budha revolted against Vedas, Upnishadas, un-natural Brahminical division of the humans.  He studied Bhudha deepely, so like Budha he always adopted just ways of his conduct negating Brahminical  ways of salvation as religious rites, rituals, religious ceremonies,and sacrifices . He was firm believer like Budha that every individual  was the maker or spoiler of one’s destiny. Budha never proclaimed himself as God, Avtar or His incarnation, so influenced the inner mind of Dr. Ambedkar. When he got convinced that Hinduism was immune to reform. He brought back Buddha to India by embracing Buddhism on 14 th   October 1956 along with over three Lacs of men and women. Dr. Ambedkar lived for 22 days after conversion to Buddhism and during this small period over Five Lacs Dalits got converted to Buddhism. Dr. Ambedkar in his last days wrote a Master Book of 599 pages on Buddhism “Buddha and His Dhamma”
E)          Jyotiba Phule(1827-1890 AD):- Jyotiba Phule was the greatest Shudra of modern India, who made Hindu Untouchables conscious of their slavery to the Upper  Caste Hindus. He gave the gospel that in India Social democracy was more vital than independence from foreign rule. Phule started 18 school in Poona for girls against stanch opposition from the caste Hindus as education for women was sin in  Hindu Manu Laws.  He is considered as political Guru Of Dr. Ambedkar and both were convinced that all men are equal  by birth so need to be provided equal opportunities for progress in all spheres. Both fought through out their lives to break social and economical barriers erected to segregate men on their castes at birth.
F)       Booker T. Washington( 1856-1915): - During Dr. Ambedkar’s American stay, he was influenced by the Constitution of  U.S.A. and its fourteenth Amendment  declaring freedom to Negroes. He was also influenced most by the life of Booker T. Washington a great revolutionary, educator reformer Negro leader, who founder and remained  President of Tuskegee Institute, which disseminated among Negroes the gospel of education of the head, heart and hand and thus broke the  barriers of bondage through which Negroes were crushed for ages physically, educationally, mentally , socially and spiritually. Booker T. Washington died in 1915 when Dr. Ambedkar was in America and passed his M.A. degree. Dr Ambedkar learnt from the life story of Booker T. Washington the spirit of fight for the cause of freedom of his brethren untouchables, who were treated even worse than Negroes, in Indian society.
G)      John Dewey( 1859-1952): - John Dewey was his mentor at Columbia University, whose philosophy helped shape Dr. Ambedkar towards a critical analysis of the hard problems facing the society. He advocated dynamic and pragmatic approach to drive the humanity out of the troubles it was confronted with. Both criticized the old philosophers, who advocated idealism and other obsolete things. John Dewey methods of inquiry had influenced Ambedkar to deal with hard and painful situations. Both were practical political scientists, so paid pointed attention to practical rather than mere academic politics. Ambedkar learnt from Dewey’s emphasis on education as means to change the world and not only to understand it. Both believed that Education should be capable of creating human values having universal application. Both established them selves on everyday life of an average man in their respective country. Dr. Ambedkar  association with John Dewey provided the basis for a systematic  study and analysis of problems relating to politics, economics, society religion and history . Ambedkar concluded that a society is equally if not more, aggressive and tyrannical than the Government is based on deep study of these subjects.
H)         J.S. Mill ( 1806-1873): - Dr. Ambedkar was greatly influenced from the writing of Mill, a British philosopher, political economist, and civil servant. One of the most influential thinkers in the history of classical liberalism, he contributed widely to social theorypolitical theory, and political economy He had advocated freedom of thought, freedom of speech and freedom of action. Mill’s philosophy molded the political philosophy of Ambedkar.
I)           Justice Ranade ( 1842-1901): - Life and work storey of Justice Mahadev Govind Ranade, father of Indian Socio- political revolution casted a great influence on Dr Ambedkar. Dr Ambedkar was called upon to deliver 101 birth anniversary address of Justice Ranade which fell on 18th January1940. Dr Ambedkar learnt about Ranade, when he retrieved from the old papers of his father, a petition drafted by Justice Ranade against banning recruitment of Mahars into Indian Army in 1892. Philosophy of Justice Ranade was summed up Dr. Ambedkar himself as
A) We should not hold ideals purely imaginary.
B) In politics sentiments and temperaments of the people are more important than intellect and theory.
 C) In political negotiations the rule should be what is possible, that does not mean that we should be content with what is offered.
 Why Ambedkar agreed with the terms of Poona Pact of 1932 with Mahatma Gandhi and other Caste Hindus by sacrificing the benefits of the Communal Award can be accessed from his above said political philosophy.
I)     Karl  Marx (1818-1883AD):-  Dr. Ambedkar was also immensely  influenced by Karl Marx’s theory of class struggle as he was aware of the    merciless exploitation of the poor all over the world. But in India poor were exploited both by rich and Higher Caste Hindus alike. While explaining difference between Class and Caste Dr Ambedkar observed    “Downtrodden peoples of India are first to be fired and last to be hired”. Dr Ambedkar was of the firm view of uniting of the exploited peoples and make them realize being slaves, so they shall revolt against it. But Dr Ambedkar differed with Marx on the point that suffering was not only from the economic factors but from social factors as well. Ambedkar had experienced religious tyranny more severe and organized than state tyranny and poverty ridden upper caste Hindus were equally or even more cruel to wards poor untouchables
Crusader of Dalit Education:-Ambedkar was convinced that education besides being means of live hood was a powerful weapon to liberate the Dalits from ignorance and to strengthen their fight against injustice and humiliation.   He considered education as prequalification for any organization and movement of Dalits. So he gave his Golden  slogan to Dalits “Educate , Agitate and unite”  To prepare his peoples to safe guard their Human Rights through spread of  his message more effectively he  started Journals namely  Mook Nayak( Leader of the Dumb), Bahiskrit Bharat( Excluded India), Samta ( Equality) Janta (Peoples) . He picked up lessons from the strong note  of Bernard Shaw ,” Honest education is dangerous to tyranny and privilege; the system like Capitalist system kept in vogue the popular ignorance, Churches which depend upon it for priestly authority, privileged classes and ambiguous conquerors and dictators, who have to instill royalty and  romantic hero worship, all use ignorance and education as underpinning for general faith in themselves as rulers” So  to negate the ill effects of illiteracy of his peoples and to equip them with quality  education he opened Mallind Mahavidhalaya Aurangabad( Maharasthra,  );Sidharath College Of Commerce And Economics Bombay; and Siddhartha Law College Bombay. Ambedkar built his house “Raj Girah” in Bombay to house a library. 
 Gadge Ji Maharaj (1876-1956) :- Gadge Baba’s  the father of  Indian cleanliness Drive(Swachata Abhiyan) had a great influence on the life of Dr. Ambedkar. Gadge Ji Maharaj advised Dr. Ambedkar to leave Hindu religion as it was immune to reform, but at the same time not to join Christianity or Islam. Gadge Baba  dedicated Sant Chokhamela Dharmashala, Pandharpur to Dr Ambedkar for his love for Dr Ambedkar. This Dharmshalla ( Night Sheltter) was constructed Baba Gadge Ji from the  money he eaned from his work of cleaning the villages where ever he  went to conduct Satsangs.
Words 2204
 The Author  :-Er.H.R.Phonsa can be contacted on hrphonsa@gmail.com
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Tuesday, March 12, 2019

Indian Tolerance at its Nadir



                            Indian  Tolerance at its Nadir
                                                        By:- Er. H. R. Phonsa     Dt:-4-3-2019
 Nature created this world with interdependence of all creatures, plants, and utilities. Many plant seed do not spout if they are not circulated through digestive system of birds where as trees provide food and shelters to birds. Tolerance is key to maintain this divine association.  Long back in the process of human evolution, an idea of mutual understanding and necessity of inter dependence must have occurred in the minds of  even primitive people.  It may have   developed in their bonds to live in small groups. On finding this a useful and practical way to live  in harmony living  groups hamlets must have developed giving way to associated living. These community bonds formed societies giving rise to ancient civilisations.  Much is yet shrouded in mysteries about human journey from an ape to the present day man of global village. The world’s known oldest civilisations developed on the theme of brother hood and collective moving ,living and working .How the human mentality and psychology grew to produce  this big change is a matter of interest and subject  of further research to peep deep into it formation of civilisation as early as 3300 BCE. Since human is the only creature in this universe which fully developed brain having analytical  sense of  coordinating ideas  analysing materialising these into productive  action .   The Human tolerance to the other’s view point and life styles must have worked in cementing humanity bonds among our great grand fathers. Tolerance not only between human but also for all living beings and non living things including services like water, atmosphere, earth etc. Man  is assigned the roll of big brother. With the passage of time greed developed in the thinking of big brother and he at times becomes big destroyer. This indifferent attitude of man towards man and all other things   is pushing humanity towards extinction if not arrested in time.

 We Indian claim to be one of the oldest 10  world  civilisation and possessing the oldest religious scriptures. This all must have been possible through the dedicated and unified working of our elders. Our older generations must have worked in unison having accommodating minds for the thoughts and actions of follow actors. What the man possesses today has been gained through utmost tolerance for the fellow men and women. Sadly with the development of idea of  self in the societies, human intellect developed giving rise to greed and selfishness. The sense of self and fear of shortage of resources plays a dominating roll. Human greed and selfishness increased instinct of animality in human. It is wisely said “Nature has enough to meet our needs but not our greed’s”.  From here the intolerance to other’s view point developed.  Development of Different Religions and specific religion scriptures’ further divided humans there by complicating matter further. Now there are some 4,300 religions of the world's.Side stepping the issue of what constitutes a religious adherent divides religions into Churches, Denominations, Congregation, Religion bodies, Faith group, Tribes, Cultures, and movements(Paohow Popchavei  PhD, Quora).

According to the 2011 census, 79.8% of the population of India practices Hinduism ( SCs(22.2% )STs9%),OBC 42.8% included) and 14.2% adheres to Islam, while the remaining 7.37% adheres to other religions (Christianity, Sikhism, Buddhism, Jainism,Parsis and Iranis , Baha'i and some other ethnically-bound faiths .Many other world religions also have a relationship with Indian spirituality. Hindus are again subdivided into innumerable sub castes as with OBC’S (3743), SC’s (2000) and ST’s (1000) Sub Castes or 6743  castes.   Ramani’s Blog lists 308 castes in Islam which has population of 177 Million in India alone (Indian censes 2011). All these religious faiths revolve around numerous ways to reach out to God through various God realization routes. These religious beliefs preach different ways of worship to God Almighty and is a great hurdle in human unity.  If anybody argues or disbelieves a particular belief he or she is declared as atheist (Nastic).  Some religious  preachers and god men of these religious faiths are on record to  spread hatred towards men of other faiths so create intolerance. There goes a saying that the religions hatred resulted in deaths of more men than total killing in all wars in this world. If we preach as one Creator of this universe, then all His creations are blood relations. If God is One, goal to reach Him should also be one, routes may be different. Then where is the possibility of believers of one faith being dearer to God than persons believing in another faith.  In general more the faiths and religious beliefs more are hate and intolerance generating centres.
 Any particular typed species   created by nature has similarities or close resemblances subject to weather Vagaries.  So is human race. Place of birth, economic and social status make but little difference except skin colour.
 There is no difference but variety in creation of nature. Against this every religion has its own laws which has few or no resemblances with any other religion.  It the creation of greed of man which created differences generating hate misconceptions and hostility. This causes differences so generate intolerance.    True religious ignorance plays a great part. Denesh Binjola has rightly said “In India, greedy people offer partnership to God for better profits. Is it not the height of ignorance?”          ( Quora).  Human by nature are selfish with varying intensity from person to person. More instincts of animalism (preoccupation with body and satisfying its needs, lacking spirituality) in a person more selfish and intolerant the person shall be.
Indian civilisation is one of the oldest. The Hindus claim to possess the oldest religious books in the form of four  Vedas( 1900 to 1100BCE) meaning “knowledge”. It also has More than 200  Upnishadas-18 Smirities, 18 Maha Puranas (Great Puranas) and 18 Upa Puranas (Minor Puranas). Despite all this Hindus hate major chunk of their religious brethren  called Untouchables( OBC’S) and out caste( SC’S and ST’s) so generate ill will and intolerance. Excesses on these unfortunate are committed all over India in the name of religion, Cow protection, to maintain purity of worshiping place, but no sane Hindu comes to their rescue and to wipe off their agony tears. India scared Book the Indian Constitution granting dignity with equality in status and opportunity to Dalits is burnt, status of Dalit icons are broken, defaced ,their bridegrooms are insulted, rape on their fair sex including minors are being  carried in public view  many a times in the presence of govt. agencies is causing a great deal of uprising in over74% of the Indian Dalit population. With the passage of time and spread of education among dalit- mulnivasies the sense of self respect is spouting in them, so the atrocities committed on them is being resisted and aired by them.  This results into more organised atrocities and more intolerance on both sides. The overall control over Indian political   system, bureaucracy, judiciary and media  by a few upper caste Hindus generate and support  intolerance between different sections of the society which need to be arrested with judicious hands.
Different  religious faith revelries in India are on the rise .  Many religious and political thoughts are playing a great roll to achieve  their selfish goals.  To counter  this, human race will have to act  untidily. Man will have to control the worst human enemies like ego, lust, sexual instincts, attachment and greed. We have to develop more of   the humility , chastity,  Character , sacrifice and goodwill. The men in authority whether in religion, government, politics media must think of uniting and  means to persevere  the human race for its safe future.





Sunday, February 24, 2019

Let us Mend now....



                                           Shouldn’t We Mend Now?

An old saying is “Wise men learn from folly of others and fools wait till they commit blunders themselves”. A Dogri proverb means “It is futile to repent folly when handcuffed; but to mend when free person to escape being handcuffing”. We give sermons and pieces of good advice to convince others to reform them selves. But we seldom think necessary to ponder over our own weaknesses and  correct them. Our ego makes us think that whatever “I” think is correct even if it may be miles away from the accepted truth. Who cannot differentiate in the present day world between Right and Wrong? The simplest good behavior formula is to behave with others as you wish others to behave with you. Otherwise as we sow so shall we reap? Do we need a god man or mahatma to tell us every now and then that it is wrong to, lei, weigh less, over charge, abuse any body, harm an innocent creature, waste food, electricity, water, avoid corrupt means in one’s dealing, demand or snatch by deceit which belongs to others, over speed or wrongly parking you vehicle, reach late to office or work place,to obey established law and norms etc. etc. Should we be reminded every day by a saint to behave as top of the creation else KAL, MOUT  KA FRISHTA, DEVIL or negative power shall punish us after our death and put us in HELL. Even if a saint says so, how much does it effect our daily dealing after we move out of Satsang, Namaj, Kirtan, and Prayer Halls? Salvation lies in action not in only listening sermons. Baba Jaimal Singh (1839-1903) a Great Punjabi Mystic said “An ounce of practice is worth more than a ton of theory: How long we shall go on deceiving our selves. Let us try to be humans first then any thing else.  Almighty God, our Devine Father resides with in human frame, so all human frames are equal and have Devine brotherhood relationship. Hence to Love His children or creation is to love God. Buley Shah a Great Sofi Saint proclaimed “RAB ASSAN TO BAKH NAHIN, PAR DEKHAN WALI AKH NAHIN” meaning God is with us always, but we do not have yet the Devine Eye to see Him. Our   lust, ego, worldly attachment, greed and anger, are the greatest hurdles on our way to right path and leading us away from our goal of attaining salvation. First we have to be Human before making attempt to becoming God realization. For this we need to control KAM (Lust) with chastity, KARODH (Anger, hatred) with tolerance, LOBH (Greed) with contentment, MOH (Attachment) with detachment and AHNAKAR (Ego, Pride) with Humility or humbleness. Presently most of our actions do not qualify  us as humans. Leave aside our goal of Salvation or MUKTI   many of us do not qualify to be called as humans. Let us ponder over afresh on our actions and judge our selves how much we are concerned about ourselves and our fellow beings in our day to day worldly dealings.

Religion: - All religions preach oneness of human races. Religion is a private or personnel matter of an individual. Indian Constitution gives freedom to individuals to profess any religion of his or her choice or faith. Government affairs are carried as per constitutional provisions but religious matters as per the norms of the particular religion. Both have independent spheres. So long as a religion is not creating problems for the persons professing other religions, harmonious atmosphere prevails. This is required of all religions to respect religious sentiments of other religion persons. Different religions are to unite the people and not to create fissures in society. Mystic Kabir preached “Bakhere Bakhere Naam Dharande Ak Mitti De Bhandey”. Meaning Different Pots made out of the same earth by a potter are named differently”. Here Kabir refers pots as persons, Potter as God and the earth as our body material. So we should protect our body and also of others by controlling anger, hatred and ego.

Driving: - Are we not responsible for over 4, 90, 383 (2012) Lakh yearly accidents on Indian roads?. This resulted in death of 1, 38,258 (2012) persons with over 75% our youth. Is not driving with out helmets, with out proper driving licenses, over speeding, taking on Mobiles while driving, roaming animals on roads, improperly maintained vehicles, hurry, drinking while driving, continued use of vehicles beyond their  road worthiness age ,improper maintenance of roads, Rash driving, crisscrossing improper maintenance  and wrong parking of vehicles. It has also been said that accidents on Indian roads are the most deadliness in the world. As per WHO India losses $20 billion annually enough to feed 50% of the nation's malnourished children. In J&K1366 got killed besides 10910 injured in 2006. If we responsibly behave on roads much of the loss on this account can be avoided. Our ego, anger and ignorance are mostly responsible for such losses. In my recent visit to USA,I  found even bicycle riders wearing safe  crash helmets, where as in India many toxicants motorized two wheeler drivers dot not care to wear helmets.

Quit Use of Tobacco and other intoxicants: - Smoking, drinking and use of other intoxicants induces many ill health problems. WHO estimated Tobacco use deaths 5 million or more people every year? Also second hand smoking kills about 600,000 people every year. Tobacco use is the leading preventable cause of death, so all should quit its use in all forms for his or her health safety.  Let the manufacturers, traders and  govt. controlling agencies   of such human race  killing intoxicants think of human race and not only their trading profits and tricks. Human lust is responsible for such huge avoidable human loss.

Corruption: - Corruption  is a world phenomenon now showing its ill effects on all spheres. It has assumed different shapes. Different scams from business house, Education, Army services, bureaucracy, politics, judiciary, police ,almost majority of  governinment  supplies, medicines, medical equipment and many other departmental services and purchases. Professor Bibek Debroy and Laveesh Bhandari claim in their book Corruption in India: the DNA and RNA that the public officials in India may be cornering as much as Rs 921.22 billion ($18.42 billion), or 1.26 per cent of the GDP, through corruption. The book claims most bribery is in the transport industry, real estate and government delivered services. Human greed and attachments to worldly acts cause such avoidable acts. Scams are other shapes of corruption. Greed of earning a little more interest than legitimate  government agency, banks rates from private cheats result in   most of the scams and money laundering.

Black Money:- A November 2010 report from the Washington-based Global Financial Integrity estimates that over a 60-year period, India lost $213 billion in illicit financial flows beginning in 1948; adjusted for inflation, this rose  to $462 billion in 2010 dollars, or about $8 billion per year ($7 per capita per year). The report also estimated the size of India's underground economy at approximately $640 billion at the end of 2008 or roughly 50% of the nation's GDP. Is it not shame for a nation claiming to be world leader in morality teachings?

Black Money in Switzerland:-According to a 2010 The Hindu article, unofficial estimates indicate that Indians had over $1456 billion in black money stored in Swiss banks (approximately USD 1.4 trillion) about 1.5% of India's GDP on average per annum basis. Human greed and attachments to unnecessary worldly things are mostly responsible for such acts.
Business and Corruption:- Public servants have very wide discretionary powers offering the opportunity to extort undue payments from companies and ordinary citizens. The awarding of public contracts is notoriously corrupt, especially at the state level. Scandals involving high-level politicians have highlighted the payment of kickbacks in the healthcare, IT and military sectors, games, coal ,forest, construction industry deals etc. The deterioration of the overall efficiency of the government, protection of property rights, ethics and corruption as well as undue influence on government and judicial decisions has resulted in a more difficult business environment. Human greed, ego and attachments to worldly acts cause inhuman acts.

Scams: - India lost incalculable amount in over 134 scams starting with one in 1948(Jeep scandal case) increasing to 41 numbers in the year2012. A number of scams involve nearly $1000 billions ( One billion is 1- lacs crores).Human greed and attachments to worldly acts cause such avoidable acts.

Bureaucracy:- Most of the largest sources of corruption in India are entitlement programmes and social spending schemes enacted by the Indian government. Examples include Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act and National Rural Health Mission , Public Distribution System, License Raj. Other daily sources of corruption include India's trucking industry which is forced to pay billions in bribes annually to numerous regulatory and police stops on its interstate highways. A study conducted by Transparency International in year 2005 found that more than 62% of Indians had firsthand experience of paying bribes or influence peddling to get jobs done in public offices successfully. Long time associate of Mahatma Gandhi and First Indian Governor –General of India Chakravarthi Rajagopalachari (1878-1972) warned that License Raj was often at the core of corruption. Human with uncontrolled weakness like greed, anger, lust and ego push persons to get involved in such unlawful activities.

Crime infected Politics: - The Indian voting percentage has never exceeded 70% and no political party ever got 50% of absolute votes. So all along India is being ruled by parties in minorities by political manipulations. As per latest reports2013 out of 543(Lok Sabha) members 162 (30%) have declared criminal cases with 14% as serious crimes cases against them. The State Assembly members no way lack behind. Out of total strength of 4032State Assembly MLA’s 1258(31%) of them have declared of facing criminal cases with 15% having serious natures cases against them. Out of total strength of Indian IAS officers 82% have stated that they faced political pressure with 63% saying the pressure was severe in nature. Human uncontrolled weakness like greed, anger, lust and ego are responsible for this act.                                                                                                   

Female foeticide:- Foeticide is destruction of a fetus.  Female foeticide is a curse on the twenty first century. Though people are educated and well groomed but still they overlook the importance of female child. Pre-natal sex determination is done and hence the fetus is aborted if a girl child is found. The crime has the involvement of doctors, radiologist, gynecologists, nursing staff, young and old women and men, mostly from  affluent society strata. Natural balance between human sex ratio has been adversely affected. In some places the male, female ratio has declined to 888 females per 1000 males. As such its our duty to educate and make those stuck into social dogmas aware of this social sin. The prevailing laws must be made stricter and women must be given their due position in the society. Those who believe in Manu’s theory that, a man cannot attain moksha (Salvation) unless he has a son or a grand- son to light his funeral pyre (9:137; 9:158) need be curbed. Also, it says a woman who gives birth to only daughters may be left in the eleventh year of marriage (9:81). But how Manu forget sons are born from woman’s womb. Human lust, greed and ego are most responsible for this great sin. A woman is punished to give birth to a girl child, where she has no fault in fertilizing a female child chromosome.
Suicides:- Modern times mental social, financial, family  stress besides  physiological and over ambitiousness are some of the causes of suicidal deaths. Last year Indian lost nearly 1,35,445 lives in suicides. A study concluded that in 2010 India lost187,000 lives. Of the 114,800 males who took their own lives in India in 2010, 40% were aged 15 to 29, while 56% of the 72,100 women were in that age bracket. Human ignorance, anger and ego are mostly cause of such avoidable acts.

Rapes:- Rape in India has been described by Radha Kumar as one of India's most common crimes against women and by the UN’s human-rights chief as a “national problem”. The latest estimate suggests a new case every 22 minutes.  During 2011 in India6227 rape cases were reported with North India accounted   for 25.73%.According to 2012 statistics, New Delhi has the highest number of rape-reports among Indian cities. According to a BBC report in February 2013, more than 7,200  children are raped each year in India. Underage victims who do report the assaults are often subjected to mistreatment and humiliation from the police. A landmark government survey in 2007 revealed that a lot of children in India are physically abused and that such occurrences are ″disturbingly common″ In January 2013,
 a 7-year old girl was raped in the school toilet while studying at school in Goa.  Lust ,Ego and Anger in man is solely responsible for rapes.

HIV:- The human immunodeficiency virus is a lentivirus that causes the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, a condition in humans in which progressive failure of the immune system allows life-threatening opportunistic infections and cancers to thrive. In 1986, the first known case of HIV was diagnosed by Dr. Suniti Solmon amongst female sex workers in Chennai. Later that year, sex workers began showing signs of this deadly disease. At that time, foreigners in India were traveling in and out of the country. It is thought that these foreigners were the ones responsible for the first infections. The estimated number of people living with HIV was 2.08 million in 2011. It said a total 1.7 million people had died across the world due to AIDS related illness. In India, the figure for such deaths stood at 170,000 in 2009. The report says India has contributed enormously to the AIDS response. This deadly disease is caused only due to human folly. Uncontrolled sexual acts of a few human has landed the world in a disease finding difficulties to control and save human race world over.

NPA in Banks:-Starting with 1955 till now 30 Indian Banks were Nationalized .The idea behind was that Public sector banks shall give preference to priority sectors in advancing loans. Thus, nationalisation will promote efficiency in management of financial resources with banks.. This was felt necessary to achieve the socialistic patter of the society, which needed financial resources in a big way with better control and management under government authority.  But  accounts of only 40 listed Banks have landed the country into NPA  of Rupees 3.1 Lakh crores(March-2013) with chances to touch Rupees 4 Lakh crores by March 2014. Big and medium business houses rule the rost.Only greed and mismanagements are responsible for this huge amount to get locked in non performance assets.   Human greed and worldly attachments are solely responsible for such acts.
       Humans, particularly political party and religious activists are wasting much of their and others time, money and resources on act responsible for general public miseries, wastage of time, money, energies and goodwill. Such acts include Bands, Hartals celebrating anniversaries, Jankies, arranging satsangs, kirtans ,Namaj, festival, marriage processions and many such  other acts on roads and in public parks. A majority of religious buildings have come up on Government or local bodies lands, parks, canal, river  banks etc.  During all these ceremonies roads and bridges are closed with out any advance warning or suggesting alternative routes. Such unplanned processions on common roads are responsible for national wastages and avoidable inconveniences to public particularly, week, old, diseased persons, office goers and school children. We do not care to even obey the Highest Indian Court ruling where in Bands, Hartals  , procession causing human inconveniences and burning of government and private properties are banned. Uncontrolled noises produced by music systems, religious ceremonies, automobiles, particularly at night are very injurious to health. These noises not only cause ill health effects on children but affect their studies and sleep as well.