Personalities who influenced Dr.B.R. Ambedkar the most
( Paying Revered Tributes on 128thBirthday of Dr.Ambedkar falling on 14th April,2019 )
The life storey of Bharat Ratana Baba Saheb Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar is a saga of great struggles and achievements. Dr Ambedkar used to compare himself with Moses, who ( Moses) wanted to relieve the Israeli’s from forced labour and their unending servitude so led his peoples to Palestine. Dr Ambedkar led his peoples to break the yoke of religious, political social and economic barriers imposed by Hindu un-natural laws framed against his peoples called Shudhars, Ati Shudras untouchables, Namashudras etc. Dr Ambedkar catalogued, expanded and interpreted the code of laws of his country. He was opposed to Mahatma Gandhi in many ways, still keeping in view the Dr. Ambedkar’s contributions for the Indian Nation, Mahatma Gandhi described him as a man who has carved out in society a unique position for himself and he is not a man to allow himself to be forgotten. Perhaps he was born to cut the age old caste shackles of his peoples, which had reduced their life to even below of those of animals.
Life Sketch :-
Bharat Ratana Baba Saheb Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar was born on 14 th April 1891 at Mhow to revered Subedar Major Ramji Sakhpal and Mata Bhimabai in Mahar Community. It is said that Mahars were the rulers of Marashtra (Mahar + Rashtra ) but because of Hindu agony and caste based values, they were reduced to the level of Untouchables, Sudras, Ati sudra, whose only shadow was considered enough to pollute an upper caste Hindu. He personally faced worst type of caste hate Ambedkar worked over 18 hours a day and at times sky was his roof and the earth his floor,. Bhimrao was married to Ramabai at the tender age of 17 years when his spouse was only of 9 years. Mata Ramabai stood like a rock by her Sahib till her death on May 27, 1935. Due to handwork of duo father and son Bhimrao earned world’s Highest academic Degrees of D.sc ( London ); PhD and LL.D (Columbia ); M.A ; D. Lit ( Osmania ) Bar –at- Law (London ) . Dr Ambedkar knew ten languages Marathi (mother tongue), Hindi, English, Gujarati, Pali, Sanskrit, Bengali, Persian, French and German. He could speak fluently seven languages. According to his autobiography ‘Waiting for a Visa'. Ambedkar wrote that he wrote Pali to English Dictionary( Quora). Dr Ambedkar also served on highly prestigious positions as Labour member of Viceroy’s Executive Council (1942-46 ) ; First Law Minister Of Independent India and earned the distinction of selection as Chairman Of the Constitution Drafting Committee to draft Constitution for free India and is so called “ father Of Indian constitution.” Some called him Mother of Indian Constitution as well. He proved an emancipator for Dalits, a torch bearer for the liberation of slaves’ world over and an insurmountable rock for his opponents. He contributed for the freedom of
, but more
for the Dalits, who were slaves to the slaves of India British
India. He was highly
praised by those who understood his odious cause for the liberation of his
Dalit community persons, but also abused as traitor by those who never
appreciated his mission of life and wanted to maintain status-quo in social,
political, educational, economic and religious spheres even after independence.
He was for change and offer said” Consistency is a virtue of an ass”
It is difficult to count the persons who influenced the life of a life long student. Baba Sahib owned one of world’s biggest personnel libraries having nearly 50,000 books. As Baba Sahib was an author of large number of Books, essays and had attended many world class Universities, researched in many museums, Libraries, remained in association of many learned teachers ,politicians, religious leaders so it is difficult to count or have details of all those personalities who influenced the his life. A visit to him was a visit to to a walking museum so said one of his biographer. It was therefore difficult to know about all those great personalities who influenced his life .An attempt here has been made to find out some personalities who directly or indirectly who influenced shaping of life of Bharat Ratna Baba Sahib Dr. B. R. Ambedkar’s life and personality.
Some of the Personalities who influenced Dr. Ambedkar’s life the most:-
A) Subedar Major Ramji Sakhpal (1849-1916AD): - Honesty, Hard working, dedication, urge to get higher education , honesty and boldness in his conduct and to work for elevation of his fellow untouchables was learned by Ambedkar from his father subedar Major Ramji Sakhpal.
B) Guru Ravidas( 1398-1540 AD):- Dr. Ambedkar held in high esteems Shri Guru Ravidas Ji. Perhaps the rationale of equality, brotherhood, Republic democracy, socialist, individual dignity is borrowed from the philosophy of Shri Guru Ravidas.
C) Kabir (1440-1518 AD) :- Dr. Ambedkar’s family belonged to the devotional path shown by Sadguru Kabir ji a great Dalit Saint Devotional songs of Kabir Ji were daily sung with love by the family, which effected the tender mind set of child Bhimrao. Kabir Ji’s verses including “Jat Pat Pushey Na koye, Har Ko Bhaje so Har Ka hoi” i.e Caste does not decide your fate, but your devotion to Lord is supreme. Kabir Ji was taken as Ambedkar’s Second Guru, first being Budha.
D) Budha( 563-480 BCA):- The Budha philosophy influnced Ambedkar the most. He like Budha revolted against Vedas, Upnishadas, un-natural Brahminical division of the humans. He studied Bhudha deepely, so like Budha he always adopted just ways of his conduct negating Brahminical ways of salvation as religious rites, rituals, religious ceremonies,and sacrifices . He was firm believer like Budha that every individual was the maker or spoiler of one’s destiny. Budha never proclaimed himself as God, Avtar or His incarnation, so influenced the inner mind of Dr. Ambedkar. When he got convinced that Hinduism was immune to reform. He brought back Buddha to
embracing Buddhism on 14 th October 1956 along with over three Lacs of
men and women. Dr. Ambedkar lived for 22 days after conversion to Buddhism and
during this small period over Five Lacs Dalits got converted to Buddhism. Dr.
Ambedkar in his last days wrote a Master Book of 599 pages on Buddhism “Buddha
and His Dhamma” India
E) Jyotiba Phule(1827-1890 AD):- Jyotiba Phule was the greatest Shudra of modern India, who made Hindu Untouchables conscious of their slavery to the Upper Caste Hindus. He gave the gospel that in India Social democracy was more vital than independence from foreign rule. Phule started 18 school in
for girls against stanch opposition
from the caste Hindus as education for women was sin in Hindu Manu Laws. He is considered as political Guru Of Dr.
Ambedkar and both were convinced that all men are equal by birth so need to be provided equal
opportunities for progress in all spheres. Both fought through out their lives
to break social and economical barriers erected to segregate men on their
castes at birth. Poona
F) Booker T. Washington( 1856-1915): - During Dr. Ambedkar’s American stay, he was influenced by the Constitution of U.S.A. and its fourteenth Amendment declaring freedom to Negroes. He was also influenced most by the life of Booker T. Washington a great revolutionary, educator reformer Negro leader, who founder and remained President of Tuskegee Institute, which disseminated among Negroes the gospel of education of the head, heart and hand and thus broke the barriers of bondage through which Negroes were crushed for ages physically, educationally, mentally , socially and spiritually. Booker T. Washington died in 1915 when Dr. Ambedkar was in
and passed his M.A. degree. Dr Ambedkar learnt from the life story of Booker T.
Washington the spirit of fight for the cause of freedom of his brethren
untouchables, who were treated even worse than Negroes, in Indian society. America
G) John Dewey( 1859-1952): - John Dewey was his mentor at Columbia University, whose philosophy helped shape Dr. Ambedkar towards a critical analysis of the hard problems facing the society. He advocated dynamic and pragmatic approach to drive the humanity out of the troubles it was confronted with. Both criticized the old philosophers, who advocated idealism and other obsolete things. John Dewey methods of inquiry had influenced Ambedkar to deal with hard and painful situations. Both were practical political scientists, so paid pointed attention to practical rather than mere academic politics. Ambedkar learnt from Dewey’s emphasis on education as means to change the world and not only to understand it. Both believed that Education should be capable of creating human values having universal application. Both established them selves on everyday life of an average man in their respective country. Dr. Ambedkar association with John Dewey provided the basis for a systematic study and analysis of problems relating to politics, economics, society religion and history . Ambedkar concluded that a society is equally if not more, aggressive and tyrannical than the Government is based on deep study of these subjects.
H) J.S. Mill ( 1806-1873): - Dr. Ambedkar was greatly influenced from the writing of Mill, a British philosopher, political economist, and civil servant. One of the most influential thinkers in the history of classical liberalism, he contributed widely to social theory, political theory, and political economy. He had advocated freedom of thought, freedom of speech and freedom of action. Mill’s philosophy molded the political philosophy of Ambedkar.
I) Justice Ranade ( 1842-1901): - Life and work storey of Justice Mahadev Govind Ranade, father of Indian Socio- political revolution casted a great influence on Dr Ambedkar. Dr Ambedkar was called upon to deliver 101 birth anniversary address of Justice Ranade which fell on 18th January1940. Dr Ambedkar learnt about Ranade, when he retrieved from the old papers of his father, a petition drafted by Justice Ranade against banning recruitment of Mahars into Indian Army in 1892. Philosophy of Justice Ranade was summed up Dr. Ambedkar himself as
A) We should not hold ideals purely imaginary.
B) In politics sentiments and temperaments of the people are more important than intellect and theory.
C) In political negotiations the rule should be what is possible, that does not mean that we should be content with what is offered.
Why Ambedkar agreed with the terms of Poona Pact of 1932 with Mahatma Gandhi and other Caste Hindus by sacrificing the benefits of the Communal Award can be accessed from his above said political philosophy.
I) Karl Marx (1818-1883AD):- Dr. Ambedkar was also immensely influenced by Karl Marx’s theory of class struggle as he was aware of the merciless exploitation of the poor all over the world. But in
exploited both by rich and Higher Caste Hindus alike. While explaining
difference between Class and Caste Dr Ambedkar observed “Downtrodden peoples of India are first to
be fired and last to be hired”. Dr Ambedkar was of the firm view of uniting of
the exploited peoples and make them realize being slaves, so they shall revolt
against it. But Dr Ambedkar differed with Marx on the point that suffering was
not only from the economic factors but from social factors as well. Ambedkar
had experienced religious tyranny more severe and organized than state tyranny
and poverty ridden upper caste Hindus were equally or even more cruel to wards
poor untouchables India
Crusader of Dalit Education:-Ambedkar was convinced that education besides being means of live hood was a powerful weapon to liberate the Dalits from ignorance and to strengthen their fight against injustice and humiliation. He considered education as prequalification for any organization and movement of Dalits. So he gave his Golden slogan to Dalits “Educate , Agitate and unite” To prepare his peoples to safe guard their Human Rights through spread of his message more effectively he started Journals namely Mook Nayak( Leader of the Dumb), Bahiskrit Bharat( Excluded India), Samta ( Equality) Janta (Peoples) . He picked up lessons from the strong note of Bernard Shaw ,” Honest education is dangerous to tyranny and privilege; the system like Capitalist system kept in vogue the popular ignorance, Churches which depend upon it for priestly authority, privileged classes and ambiguous conquerors and dictators, who have to instill royalty and romantic hero worship, all use ignorance and education as underpinning for general faith in themselves as rulers” So to negate the ill effects of illiteracy of his peoples and to equip them with quality education he opened Mallind Mahavidhalaya Aurangabad( Maharasthra, );Sidharath College Of Commerce And Economics Bombay; and Siddhartha Law College Bombay. Ambedkar built his house “Raj Girah” in
to house a library. Bombay
Gadge Ji Maharaj (1876-1956) :- Gadge Baba’s the father of Indian cleanliness Drive(Swachata Abhiyan) had a great influence on the life of Dr. Ambedkar. Gadge Ji Maharaj advised Dr. Ambedkar to leave Hindu religion as it was immune to reform, but at the same time not to join Christianity or Islam. Gadge Baba dedicated Sant Chokhamela Dharmashala, Pandharpur to Dr Ambedkar for his love for Dr Ambedkar. This Dharmshalla ( Night Sheltter) was constructed Baba Gadge Ji from the money he eaned from his work of cleaning the villages where ever he went to conduct Satsangs.
The Author :-Er.H.R.Phonsa can be contacted on firstname.lastname@example.org